World's Largest "Shooting Brake" Archive (Part 1 of 3)

The auto industry hasn't a single universal definition for a "shooting brake." Long story short, there's confusion between what constitutes a "shooting brake" from a stations wagon, 2+2, coupe, hatchback, sports wagon, etc. So, this article was inspired by the hopes of settling the confusion and informing enthusiasts about the history and evolution of these automotive body styles that began as horse-drawn vehicles.

Let's start with the history:

1875 Engraved Illustration of Shooting Brake

Like many early automotive body styles, the shooting brake was initially a type of horse-drawn vehicle. A brake was originally a heavy drag chassis with slowing capability hooked to spirited horses. The term brake later became broader in definition, being used for wagons in general.

The shooting brake, which began in England in the 1890s, was a wagon (more specifically a type of wagonette) designed to transport hunting spoils, gun racks, and ammunition on shooting trips. However, as depicted above, the term dates even further back to (at least) 1875. Regardless, this term was well-founded in the mid-to-late 19th century.

A 1903 horse-drawn "Shooting Brake" (photo from the New York Fish & Game Commission)

The first automotive shooting brakes were manufactured in the early 1900s in the United Kingdom. The vehicle style became popular in England during the 1920s and 1930s. They were produced by vehicle manufacturers or as conversions by coachbuilders. The term was used in Britain interchangeably with estate cars from the 1930s.

Ultimately, the term has evolved to describe cars combining elements of both station wagon and coupé body styles, with or without reference to the historical usage for shooting parties. Having yet to see an operational definition of "shooting brake," the chart below is a statistical analysis of 30 official definitions of "shooting brake" and the significance of characteristics by the percentage of times listed in said definitions.

There's a statistically backed chart for the first time in history in which significant characteristics are deductible. In plain terms, a "shooting brake" is most commonly a two-door station wagon (or estate) that is long, sleek, spacious, and sporty. However, Story Cars weren't present in 1875 to truly provide a definition; this is what the internet and ebooks offer. For the sake of this article being the "The World's Largest Shooting Brakes Archive," some four-doors will be included because their official manufacturer/coachbuilder's title specifies that it was indeed a "shooting brake."

The Shooting Brake Archive

Part 1

1890 French Hunting Break by Faurax

1890 Beaufort-Style Shooting Brake

1896 Kinross Wagonette Break

1907 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Shooting Brake

1908 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Shooting Brake

1910 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Shooting Brake

1919 Windovers Shooting Brake

1923 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Shooting Brake

1924 Daimler 57HP Shooting Brake

1924 Delage DI Eight-Lite Shooting Brake

1924 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Shooting Brake

1924 Rolls-Royce 40/50HP Silver Ghost Shooting Brake

1926 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake

1926 Rolls-Royce Phantom I Shooting Brake

1926 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake

1926 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake (GOK9)

1927 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake (GRJ70)

1927 Wilkinson Phantom I Shooting Brake

1927 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake (A. A. McCloud & Sons)

1927 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake

1928 Rolls-Royce 40/50HP Phantom 1 Shooting Brake

1929 Rolls-Royce 20/25HP Shooting Brake (Henry Binder)

1929 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake (Alpe & Saunders)

1929 Rolls-Royce 20HP Shooting Brake

1930 Rolls-Royce 20/25HP Shooting Brake

1930 Rolls-Royce Phantom II Shooting Brake

1931 Rolls-Royce 20/25HP Shooting Brake

1932 Rolls Royce 20/25HP Shooting Brake

1932 Rolls-Royce 20/25HP Shooting Brake

1933 Rolls-Royce 20/25HP Shooting Brake

1933 Rolls Royce 20/25HP 'Woodie' Shooting Brake

1934 Bentley 3 1/2 Liter Shooting Brake

1934 Rolls Royce 20/25HP 'Woody' Shooting Brake

1934 Ford "Strathglass" Estate Wagon

1935 Rolls-Royce "Woody" Shooting Brake

1935 3 1/2-Litre Bentley

1936 Rolls-Royce 25/30 Shooting Brake

1937 Hispano-Suiza K6 "Break de Chasse"

1937 Bentley 4 1/4-Litre "Woodie" Shooting Brake

1937 Rolls Royce Phantom III Shooting Brake

1937 Austin 18 Shooting Brake

1937 Daimler Shooting Brake

1938 Rolls-Royce 25/30HP Shooting Brake

1938 Model 7Y Shooting Brake

1943 Willys Jeep Shooting Brake

1946 Delahaye 135 Guillore Break de Chasse

1947 Bentley MkVI Countryman Shooting Brake

1947 Riley RMA "Woodie" Shooting Brake

1948 Healey "Woodie" Shooting Brake

1948 Alvis TA14 Shooting Brake

1948-1949 Bentley Mk VI Countryman Shooting Brake

Part 2

1951 Peugeot 203 Pathé Marconi

1952 Ferrari 212 Export Shooting Brake

1952-1954 Allard P2 Safari Shooting Brake

1953 Bentley R-Type Shooting Brake

1954 Chevrolet Nomad Concept

1954 Miller Shooting Brake

1956 Pontiac Safari

1956 Fiat 1100 TV Speciale Shooting Brake

1958 Porsche 356 Kruezer

1959 Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud I

1959 Jaguar XK150 3.4-Litre 'Foxbat' Sports Estate

1959 Bentley S2 Shooting Brake

1959-1978 Saab 95

1958 Tornado Cars LTD Typhoon Sportsbrake

1960 Sunbeam Alpine Shooting Brake

1960 Bentley S2 Wendler Shooting Brake

1961-1967 Ford Anglia 105E Estate

1961 Ford Thunderbird Custom Wagon

1962 Ford Thunderbird Wagon

1962 Ferrari 250 GT SWB 'Breadvan'

1962 Lagonda Rapide Shooting Brake

1964-1965 Aston Martin DB5 Shooting Brake

1964 Chevrolet Chevelle 300 Wagon

1965 Chevrolet Chevelle Wagon

1965 Plymouth Valiant Barracuda Wagon

1965 Ferrari 330 GT 2+2 Shooting Brake Vignale

1965 Ford Mustang Shooting Brake by Cumberford

1965 Iso Rivolta Breadvan

1965 Ogle Triplex Scimitar GTS

1965-1967 Aston Martin DB6 Shooting Brake by Harold Radford

1966 Ford Mustang Shooting Brake Prototype

1966 Ford Galaxie Magic Cruiser Concept Car

1966 Triumph Vitesse 2-Litre Estate

1966 Lamborghini 400GT Flying Star II

1966 Mercedes-Benz 230 SLX Shooting Brake by Frua

1967 Aston Martin DB6 Shooting Brake by FLM Panelcraft

1967 Ferrari 330 GT 2+2 'Navarro' Drogo

1967 Fiat Dino Parigi

1968-1975 Reliant Scimitar GTE (SE5/ 5A)

1968 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray Shooting Brake

1968 Jaguar XK150 Estate

1968 Fiat Dino Ginevra

1968 Fiat 125 Station Wagon

1968 Opel Kadett L Shooting Brake

1969 Intermeccanica Murena 429 GT

1970 Cadillac Eldorado Station Wagon Concept by George Barris

1970 Porsche 914 by Eurostyle

1970 Chevrolet Camaro Kammback Concept

1970 Mazda RX-500 Shooting Brake Concept

1970 Aston Martin DBS Shooting Brake

1971-1973 Volvo P1800 ES

1971 Cadillac Eldorado Wagon

1971 Dodge Challenger Wagon

1971 Opel GT 24 Hours of Lemons Breadvan

1971 Glibern Invader Estate

1971 Isuzu Bellett Sport Wagon by Ghia

1971 Toyota RV-1 Concept

1971 TVR Zante (SM-250)

1971 Lotus Elan Hexagon Shooting Brake

1971 Peugeot 504 Break Riviera

1972 Chevrolet Vega Kammback

1972 Reliant Scimitar GTE Ferguson 4×4 Prototype

1972 Ferrari 365 GTB 4 Shooting Brake

1972 Toyota RV-2

1972 Citroën SM Break de Chasse

Part 3

1973-1982 Volkswagen Brasília

1973 Chevrolet Corvette Shooting Brake

1974 Corvette Shooting Brake

1974 Cadillac Eldorado Estate Wagon

1974 Fiat 130 Maremma

1974 Lotus Elite

1974 Triumph TR6 Shooting Brake

1975-1986 Reliant Scimitar GTE (SE6/ 6A/B)

1975 Jensen GT

1975 Ferrari 365 GT4 Croisette SW by Felber

1975 Lancia (Beta) HPE

1976-1977 Triumph TR7 Tracer

1976 Vauxhall Magnum Sportshatch