Volvo developed its experimental taxi for a competition announced by the Museum of Modern Art and several other organizations responsible for public transport and taxi services in New York for a purpose-built taxi suitable for operation in a major city. The Volvo vehicle was powered by an in-line, six-cylinder, 70-hp diesel engine driving the front wheels.
In 1976, the Museum of Modern Art and several other organizations responsible for public transport, including taxis, announced a competition in New York to create a most suitable taxi for operating conditions in this metropolis. Introduced the following year by Volvo, the front-wheel-drive compact (440 cm long) that became known as the "New York Taxi" was powered by a 70 hp six-cylinder diesel engine. With. Three people could fit in the back seat. A descending safety arc was used, similar to those used on various attractions to protect them. Another person could sit in a jump seat next to the driver, although this part of the cabin was intended to accommodate luggage, like in London taxis. A sliding door made it easy to roll a wheelchair into the cabin.
Source: Sergey Pribytkov - www.carseller.ru (translated from Russian); Volvo